Giger, the son of a chemist, studied industrial design and architecture at the School of Design in Zurich. His main influences were painters Ernst Fuchs and Salvador Dalí.
Giger’s early work was mostly with small ink drawings before progressing to oil paintings. But what he is most know for was the airbrushed canvasses depicting surreal monochromatic depictions with representations of human bodies and machines joined together in what he described as “biomechanical”.
It was his his Necronom IV (at right) that inspired the monsters in Sir Ridley Scott‘s Aliens series of films. Giger won an Oscar for his design in 1980, and would also work on the third film of the series in 1992.
The 2004 La Medaille de la Ville de Paris award winner, Giger was inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in Seattle, WA, in 2013.
He is survived by his wife, Carmen Maria Scheifele Giger, who runs the artist’s museum in Gruyeres, Switzerland.